Madrid is undoubtedly one of the most visited cities in Spain. In its streets it hosts numerous treasures and charms, and attracts millions of visitors every year.

Its architectural wealth is one of Madrid’s claims, and today we , we take a tour of the main buildings of the city that architecture lovers can not miss.

Architecture in Madrid: Top 10

  1. Caixa Forum

The Swiss architects Herzog & De Meouron deployed all their creativity and ingenuity when undertaking the renovation project of the old Midday Power Plant. Nowadays, Caixa Forum is one of the most important cultural centers of Madrid, which hosts both cultural activities and art exhibitions. Its immense vertical garden as well as the ingenious interior details, make it one of the most famous and visited buildings in the city.


Caixa Forum Photo property of Caixa Forum

  1. The White Towers

Designed by Francisco Javier Sáenz de Oiza and completed in the 1960s, the White Towers were one of the most avant-garde building of the time.

Its original structure with cylindrical shapes, semicircular balconies and organic patterns gives the building a feeling of movement. Without a doubt it represents an icon of the residential architecture of Madrid.


The White Towers. Photo property of AD

  1. Historical Heritage Institute

The architect Fernando Higueras, in collaboration with Antonio Miró, were in charge of creating this unique building that today is the headquarters of the Institute of Cultural Heritage of Spain. The construction is made of reinforcing concrete, and consists of 4 floors. Its original circular structure, topped by a cornice trimmed by large peaks has made it to be commonly known as the Crown of thorns.

The Historical Heritage Institute is one of the most significant works of contemporary Spanish architecture, and in 2001, it was declared an Asset of Cultural Interest.


Historical Heritage Institute. Photo property of Ecosia

  1. The Four Towers Business Area

These four skyscrapers 250 meters high, are the tallest buildings in Madrid, and also in Spain. The set consists of the Cepsa Tower (Norman Foster), the PwC Tower (Carlos Rubio Carvajal and Enrique Álvarez-Walter Hall), the Crystal Tower (César Pelli) and the Space Tower (Henry N. Cobb), being the Tower of Crystal the highest of all.

Inside the buildings, they house offices and a hotel, and have become an icon of the financial center of the city. Since its creation, they are part of the architectural landscape of the city, and are a clearly recognizable element of the Madrid’s skyline.


The Four Towers Business Area. Foto propiedad de Expansión.

  1. Madrid River

The recreational area of ​​Madrid Ríowas built between 2006 and 2012, on the banks of the Manzanares River. It is a huge ludic and cultural enclave, where the pedestrian is the clear protagonist. Historical monuments and leisure and cultural facilities coexist alongside the riverbed, which is slowly recovering its biodiversity.

The project was carried out by the architecture studios of Burgos and Garrido, Porras La Casta and Rubio and Álvarez-sala, and the Dutch landscapers West 8.

From the architectural and landscape point of view it is a brilliant project, which has garnered important awards from the world of architecture.


Madrid Rio. Photo property of architecture studios of Burgos & Garrido, Porras La Casta y Rubio & Álvarez Sala.

*Next week we continue with the Part II of the 10 buildings that you can not miss in Madrid.

This post is also available in: Spanish